Risk of Iron Deficiency


The signs and symptoms of iron deficiency depends on the severity of condition. Mild to moderate iron deficiency shows no signs or symptoms and is hard to recognize easily. When signs and symptoms occur, iron deficiency can be rated from moderate to severe.

In studies, it was found that only one-third to one-half of children who have iron deficiency (depending on severity) will show pallor. Therefore, iron-deficiency must be diagnosed by laboratory testing for final confirmation.

Patients suffering from iron deficiency often show unusual food cravings, known as Pica. It is actually characterized by an appetite for substances mainly non-nutritive such as chalk, clay, dirt, sand and so on. However, it is not considered helpful for diagnosis and may or may not disappear after the treatment of iron-deficiency anaemia.

Apart from the aforementioned symptoms, there is a long list of symptoms associated with iron-deficiency such as:


The feeling of fear, uneasiness, worry and dread is quite common in iron-deficiency.

Irritability or low feeling:

It is another psychological reaction which is closely associated with iron-deficiency. It usually ends in anger and frustration.


Is a medical disorder characterized by chest pain due to ischemia of heart muscle and the severity of pain depends on the degree of deprivation of oxygen in the heart muscles.


It is also associated with iron-deficiency.

Hair loss:

Hair-loss or alopecia is commonly seen in iron-deficiency.

Besides the above mentioned symptoms, there are varied symptoms which differ in different life stages: adolescence, young adulthood & pregnancy.

iron deficiency in adolescent girls

Iron deficiency in Adolescent girls

Adolescent girls have chaotic eating patterns with ignorance of dietary recommendations. They do not eat enough of all food groups depriving their body of iron. Some major reasons behind having iron deficiency is skipping meals, restricted eating and strict vegetarian eating.

Symptoms of Iron deficiency

  • Tiredness & Weakness
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Pale skin
  • Irritability
  • Dizziness
  • Decreased appetite
iron deficiency in young adults

Iron deficiency in Young Adults

Iron deficiency is a critical health concern that primarily affects women and young adults. About two billion people across the world are reported to have iron deficiency and this count is disproportionally high in developing countries due to poor health services, inadequate diet, certain diseases, most frequent pregnancies and so on. Young adults are particularly susceptible because of their rapid growth and high iron requirements.

Young girls and boys, with iron-deficiency develop symptoms like pale skin, difficulty in concentrating, leg cramps, insomnia, easy fatigue, loss of energy, rapid heartbeat etc. Iron-deficiency may also give rise to symptoms like upward curvature of nails, hunger for non-food items like ice and soreness of mouth.

iron deficiency in pregnant women

Iron deficiency in pregnant women

Iron deficiency is very common during pregnancy; particularly because this is the time when body needs extra iron so the baby receives sufficient blood and oxygen supply

The main symptoms in pregnant women due to iron-deficiency are as follows:

  • Rapid hair loss
  • Weight loss
  • Spoon shaped nails
  • Change of hair colour
  • Excessive dryness of hair