what causes iron deficiency


Iron deficiency, in context with human well-being, is a health condition which may arise either due to increased iron demand or decreased iron intake. The deficiency of iron often leads to a medical condition termed as iron deficiency which can occur in both children and adults in equal intensity.

Iron is an important mineral which is required by the human body for Haemoglobin, an important constituent of Red Blood Cells (RBCs). The main function of Haemoglobin is to carry oxygen throughout the body to carry out different processes. The lack of iron in body depresses the production of Haemoglobin and Red Blood Cells which causes decreased ability of blood to carry oxygen. This condition is medically termed as anaemia.

A number of factors can cause lack in iron and hence, anaemia. Major causes are outlined here: