An approximate estimation tells that about 30 percent of world's population is having iron-deficiency. The study clearly shows how common this disorder is. The easy victims of iron deficiency are women who lose a significant amount of blood during their monthly menstrual. The disorder is also common in areas where nutrition and water is highly contaminated. Although it is very common and may be severe and even lethal, it is very easy to combat the situation just by consuming iron-rich diet. However, the major problem is to identify the symptoms of iron-deficiency and take the necessary steps on time because there are many myths and misunderstandings about haemoglobin disorders and different types of iron deficiency:
In most of the cases general symptoms of iron deficiency are ignored by the family members of the patients. Tiredness, fatigue and dizziness are taken lightly and the patient is asked to take rest without thinking that it may be due to some underlying cause. Under these circumstances iron deficiency takes a severe form creating problems for the patient and it happens mostly with pregnant women.
Most of us also think that people with haemoglobin disorders are only sufferers of iron deficiency which is not true. Although eating healthy is necessary in any type of iron deficiency but it depends on the type of iron deficiency and the underlying cause as iron deficiency may also be due to deficiency of Vitamin B12. In most of the cases iron deficiency develops not only by the deficiency of iron but also by the body's disability in processing iron.
Pregnant women often think that neither they nor their partners suffer from any disorder and hence, child born will not inherit any disorder. However, it is not true because most often parents are carriers and they usually don't develop symptoms and give birth to children who suffer from haemoglobin disorder. Therefore, it is important to routinely check for haemoglobin or other trait disorders to save the unborn child from illness.
Another very common myth is that menstruation leads to heavy blood loss and iron deficiency. However, the fact is that menstruation is not a normal cause of iron-deficiency in healthy women of child-bearing age. Blood loss is generally approx. 80 ml in normal but risk of iron deficiency may develop if it exceeds above this limit and women must consult the doctor immediately.
Women, particularly in rural areas, often think that eating more will combat dietary deficiency like iron loss and there is no need to visit a doctor. It is not true and they must consult a doctor in any of the healthcare centres run by government to give birth to a healthy baby and fight against iron-deficiency because eating more is not the solution but eating right is.