Haemoglobin, Hb is the metalloprotein found in the red blood cells of all vertebrates. It contains iron and transports oxygen throughout the body. Hb in the blood carries oxygen from the respiratory organs and releases in other parts of the body to burn nutrients and provide energy. Therefore, having normal haemoglobin levels is very important or you may face serious health problems.
We understand that haemoglobin in the blood plays an important role in the functioning of the body. The iron is located inside the heme molecule and absorbs the oxygen to be delivered to different parts of the body. In addition, it also absorbs carbon dioxide from different tissues and delivers to the lungs for exhalation. Therefore, it can be logically concluded that deficiency of iron can reduce the haemoglobin levels in the body which ultimately can reduce the total amount of oxygen carried in the body.
Therefore, it is very important to put a check on the haemoglobin count of the body to avoid any risk. You can consult your physician for haemoglobin count and other necessary information about your blood.
The normal haemoglobin level for adult male must be 14 to 18 gm/dl and the normal haemoglobin level for adult female must be 12 to 16 gm/dl*
If the level of haemoglobin falls below normal in blood then it may give rise to serious problems. In low haemoglobin levels, the cells do not get enough oxygen to fuel their activities and hence, the person feels very tired. In this case, the heart has to work more than usual by pumping harder to ensure that enough oxygen reaches the body. Hence, if you are living with low iron and haemoglobin for longer then there is a great risk for you to develop heart disease and also iron deficiency.
The most effective way to combat the problem is to ensure enough iron-intake through food. The iron-intake for adult males aged 19 to 50 years must be 8 mg per day while in adult females in must be 18 mg per day. However, the recommended dietary allowance for iron in adult pregnant females increases to 27 mg per day as the developing foetus also needs iron for growth and development.